Record Plough Plane - No. 044

record 044 plough plane
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Record 044 Plane Review By: I.Ball

Manufacturer: Record
Plane Type: Plough / Plow
Model No: 044


The Record 044 plough plane or Record 044 plow plane is a comfortable sized plane for creating a wide range of grooves and rebates.

The Record 044 consisted of a cast iron body, depth gauge, double armed bridged fence, 2x short arms / rods (3 1/2"), 2x long arms / rods (7"), blade clamp and eight tungsten steel cutters:

   - 1/8"
   - 3/16"
   - 1/4"
   - 5/16"
   - 3/8"
   - 7/16"
   - 1/2"
   - 9/16"

record 044 plow plane

The bridged fence can be used on either side of the plane and additionally offers the user a comfortably place to grip the plane.

The 216mm (8 1/2 inch) long plane will cut grooves up to 9/16" wide, up to 16mm (5/8") deep, up to 127mm (5") from the edge.

The plane will cut across end grain as well as with or along the grain.

The Record 044 plane and its parts were finished with a nickel plating. This finish was advertised as a rustless finish.

The 044 has been sold in a variety of packaging over its lengthy production period. It was originally sold in a wooden box, followed by a dark blue Record cardboard box, followed finally by a straw coloured cardboard box. Each box had an orange/yellow label stuck to the side detailing the planes core information.

The Record 044 plough plane was one of Record's first plough planes. The plane was the highest cost of the Record plough planes, originally at almost three times the price of the Record 040.

record 044 plane

The plane was advertised to encourage users of wooden plough planes to switch to a Record iron plough plane.

The advertised advantages of an iron plough plane over a wooden plough plane included: the material doesn't warp and shrink like wood does, the parts don't wear like wood, there is no regular trueing up required, the handling of the plane is easier and less cumbersome, and the plane is more accurate.

The 044 was advertised as being 'a plough as good as he can get' and 'a plough that will satisfy his every demand'. The plane was also advertised as being 'immensely popular with all sections of woodworkers in all parts of the world'.

As with a number of the Record tools, the Record 044 was also targeted at schools and colleges.

There are a few other makers who have produced almost identical planes to the Record 044 plough plane but obviously with their own branding, these include I.Sorby and the William Marples M-44 plough plane.

Plane Construction

high grade cast iron

crucible cast tungsten steel

Plane finish:
nickel plate

Plane Dimensions

216mm (8 1/2 inch)

1.36kg (3 lb)


The Record 044 plough / plow plane was presented in the most part in various types of cardboard box. The earliest planes were presented in a dark blue cardboard box. There was also a short period early on when the 044 was presented in a wooden box similar to the Record 405 box.

Below are photos of most of the Record 044 boxes the planes were sold in:

record 044 plane box record 044 plane box

record 044 plane box

Manufactured Dates

1934 - 1970

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References: Planecraft - Hand Planing By Modern Methods


(i) This review/article may give warning(s) / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines given in good faith, any such information should not be solely relied upon and seen as the exhaustive list of warnings / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines. Refer to good safety practices for the safety of you and others. Refer to good practices for the good health of your tool and property.
(ii) The details here are given in good faith, the details are constantly growing and evolving including corrections, there is scope for error and shouldn't be fully relied upon, please confirm any details for yourself by performing additional research from reliable sources.

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