Stanley Jointer Plane - No. 8

stanley jointer plane no 8
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Stanley 8 Plane Review By: I.Ball

Manufacturer: Stanley

Plane Type: Jointer

Model No: 8


           

The Stanley jointer plane number 8 is the longest of the standard Stanley bench planes at 23 7/8 inch (606mm) in length.

It is also the widest of the bench planes at 80mm wide and unsurprisingly it has the widest plane blade of the standard bench planes, fitted with a 66mm (2 5/8 inch) wide steel cutter.

During the the Stanley number 8 plane's long production period, the design of the plane barely strayed from its original design.

When changes have been made to the number 8 through its history, these alterations have been classified in terms of historical reference as 'type' refinements. This helps with the referencing of a plane design.



old stanley plane no 8

In terms of classifying these changes for historical classification, these refinements relate to which 'Type' the plane is e.g. the first design of the Stanley 8 plane is referred to as the 'Type 1' model.

The Stanley number 8 is made with an iron body, frog, lever cap, cap iron, cutter, lateral adjuster, rear handle and front knob.

The body is constructed from grey cast iron with machined and ground sides and sole. The machining and grounding ensure the plane body is flat and true. The top-side of the plane body is finished with the black finish which is synonymous with the Stanley plane range.

The central part of the plane is the cast iron frog on which the blade rests, the frog position / throat is set, the lateral lever pivots on and the depth adjuster operates.

The frog face is set at 45 degrees, therefore the blade is set at a 45 degree angle.

stanley plane frog

The frog can be used to adjust the mouth thickness at which the shavings pass through. This is adjusted by turning the frog adjusting screw which is located at the base of the rear of the frog (below the brass blade depth adjusting wheel).

Note: ensure the frog screws are loosened so the frog can move backwards and forwards when the frog adjusting screw is turned (the frog screws are the two screws located in depressions on the frog bed where the blade sits).

The plane's lateral blade adjusting lever is located just behind the top of the blade / at the top of the frog. This lever pivots side-to-side which in turn adjusts the cutter side-ways; this is useful for aligning the blade to ensure it is not skewed.

The plane blade is stiffened with the use of a cap iron. The cap iron helps reduce chatter and assists in curling the shavings to prevent splintering the work-piece, particularly when working against the grain.

stanley plane 8

The plane's blade depth adjuster is a notch on the front face of the frog, just below the bottom of the lateral lever. This notch locates with a gap in the plane blade and is controlled by an adjusting wheel (usually brass) found at the rear of the frog.

The depth at which the blade is set is adjusted by turning the adjusting wheel, this in turn regulates the thickness of the shavings. Turning the adjusting wheel towards the frog raises the blade, and turning in the opposite direction towards the rear handle moves the blade downwards.

Note: ensure the lever cap is loosened before making adjustments to avoid damage.

The plane blade is stiffened with the use of a cap iron. The cap iron helps reduce chatter and assists in curling the shavings to prevent splintering the work-piece, particularly when working against the grain.

The plane blade and cap iron are locked in position with the lever cap. This further reduces chattering. The lever cap has a plated finish which is usually a nickel plating.

stanley plane blade 7

These Stanley planes are fitted with a comfortably shaped handle and knob. The handles and knobs can be made from hardwood.

Planes with Rosewood handles and knobs are highly sought after.

The Stanley jointer plane number 8 is in the region of 606mm (23 7/8 inch) in length.

As with all the Stanley bench planes, the Stanley 8 has universal interchanging parts.



Plane Construction

stanley plane no 8

Body and frog:
cast iron

Lever cap:
cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron:
best quality steel

Blade:
best quality steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut:
brass

Handle and low knob :
rosewood

Plane finish:
black



stanley plane no 8

Stanley 8 Plane Markings

"No. 8" - found on the top face at the very front of the plane.



Plane Construction

stanley plane no 8

Body and frog:
cast iron

Lever cap:
cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron:
best quality steel

Blade:
best quality steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut:
brass

Handle and low knob :
rosewood

Plane finish:
black


stanley plane no 8

Stanley 8 Plane Markings

"Bailey" - found on the top face at the very front of the plane.

"No. 8" - found on the top face at the rear.



Plane Construction

stanley plane no 8

Body and frog:
cast iron

Lever cap:
cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron:
best quality steel

Blade:
best quality steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut:
brass

Handle and knob :
rosewood

Plane finish:
black

Stanley 8 Plane Markings

"Bailey" - found on the top face at the very front of the plane.

"Made In England" or "Made In USA" - found on the top face between front knob and blade.

"No. 8" - found on the top face at the rear.



Plane Construction

stanley plane no 8

Body and frog:
high grade cast iron

Lever cap:
high grade cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron:
best quality steel

Blade:
crucible cast tungsten steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut:
brass

Handle and knob:
rosewood / beech

Plane finish:
black

Stanley 8 Plane Markings

"Bailey" - found on the top face at the very front of the plane.

"Made In England" or "Made In USA" - found on the top face between front knob and blade.

"No. 8" - found on the top face at the rear.

"Stanley" - found on the lever cap face.



Plane Dimensions

Length:
606mm (23 7/8 inch)

Width:
80mm


Manufactured Dates

1870 - 1960>

early stanley plane no 8
old stanley jointer plane no 8
old stanley plane no 8 parts

Plane Also Known As

Stanley Jointer Plane no. 8
Stanley Trying Plane no. 8
Stanley Long Bench Plane no. 8
Stanley Wood-Work Plane no. 8
Stanley Hand Plane no. 8
Stanley 8 Plane


Further Information

old stanley plane no 8 patent

Further information on the Stanley plane number 8 can be found in the many Stanley tool catalogues produced from the 19th Century through to the 1960's. Additional information to this Stanley number 8 plane review can also be found in many different trade catalogues as well as reference books which are dedicated to discussing Stanley tools.



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Disclaimer

(i) This review/article may give warning(s) / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines given in good faith, any such information should not be solely relied upon and seen as the exhaustive list of warnings / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines. Refer to good safety practices for the safety of you and others. Refer to good practices for the good health of your tool and property.
(ii) The details here are given in good faith, the details are constantly growing and evolving including corrections, there is scope for error and shouldn't be fully relied upon, please confirm any details for yourself by performing additional research from reliable sources.




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