Review By: I.Ball
Category: Old Shoulder Planes
Plane Type: Shoulder Rebate
Model No: 410
This is a review of the Clifton plane number 410 produced by Clico [Sheffield]
Tooling Ltd of Fell Road Industrial Estate, Sheffield, England.
The Clifton 410 was manufactured by Clico until 2014 when the Clifton range, including the Clifton 410 shoulder rebate plane, was taken over by the British saw maker, Thomas Flinn & Co. who are also a Sheffield based tool company. The Clifton plane 410 is still available to buy new today from various tool shops, for more info about this see the New Clifton 410 Plane Review.
The Clifton plane 410 is a 5 1/2" (138mm) adjustable shoulder rebate plane with a fixed nose / mouth.
The one-piece plane body is constructed from quality grey cast iron with the sides and sole being precision ground flat and square with each other.
The plane can be used left or right handed and can be laid perfectly
flat and used on either of its sides to trim rebates, shoulder lines
The plane has curved areas on top of the plane offering added comfort and control.
The Clifton 410 shoulder rebate plane is equipped with a blade adjusting mechanism. The blade adjuster control is located at the rear of the plane in the form of a knurled nut. The adjuster is used to control the depth at which the blade will cut.
The plane is fitted with a shouldered high carbon Clifton 410 plane blade. The cutting edge is 11/16" (18mm) wide with a bevel edge. The top of the blade has a slot to allow the blade adjuster to locate with the blade. The blade sits in the plane with the bevel edge side facing upwards.
The blade is held firmly in place with the use of the securing cap / lever cap.
The cap locks the blade in place by locating the securing cap into the two notches
in the plane body and then turning until tight the knurled securing wheel located
on the underside of the securing cap. The securing cap is constructed with unbreakable
The plane was presented in a dark blue Clifton cardboard box with white writing detailing the plane details.
The Clifton 410 shoulder plane is based on a combination of two similar planes produced in the 20th century:
The Edward Preston shoulder plane 1367, was produced in the first 30 years of the 20th century.
The Record 041 shoulder plane, was produced by Record in the 1930's - 1960's.
Clico was originally started in 1983 when Clico (Sheffield) Tooling Limited was
formed after a Management buy-out from Record Ridgway Tools where they gained
rights to designs for Aerospace cutting tools including staff and machinery.
Clico went on four years later to begin a plane making department when they hired the previous manager of the Record Plane Making Section. The first plane they took on of the Record plane designs was the Record 405 multiplane which was used to create Clifton's version of the 405. From there Clico went on to gradually increase their plane and tool range.
Body: grey cast iron
Lever cap: unbreakable malleable iron
Plane finish: bright ground
Clifton 410 Plane Blade / Cutter
Material: High Quality Oil Hardened Tool Steel
Hardness: 59-61 Rockwell C
Cutting Edge Grind (Primary): 25 degrees
Cutting Edge Grind (Secondary): 30 degrees
Width (bottom): 18mm (11/16 inch)
Top Of Blade Shape: Squared, with open window slot
Clifton 410 Plane Markings
"Clifton" - found on one side towards the back.
"England" - found on one side towards the back.
"410" - located on both the right and left hand side towards the front inside the two cherries motif.
Width: 18mm (11/16 inch)
Length: 138mm (5 1/2 inch)
<1991 - 2014
Clifton 410 rabbet plane
Clifton 410 shoulder rabbet plane
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