Stanley 46 Review By: I.Ball
Category: Old Multi Planes
Plane Type: Multi
Model No: 46
The Stanley 46 plane is a multi-plane designed to carry out the function
of numerous different planes with just this one plane including being
able to use the plane left-handed or right-handed.
The Stanley 46 plane is very similar to the popular Stanley 45 multi plane with the main difference being the Stanley 46 is equipped with a skewed mouth and a corresponding set of skewed blades.
The skewed cutters give a superb fine cut both with and against the grain.
The Stanley 46 plane was sold with the following skew cutters:
- Tonguing Tool
- Plough / Dado - 3/16", 1/4", 5/16", 3/8", 7/16", 1/2", 5/8", 7/8" and 1 1/4"
The Stanley 46 plane is made of three main sections:
- Sliding Section
- Fence / Guide
The body is the central part of the plane to which everything is connected including the housing of the chosen plane blade. The body of the plane has an intricate floral pattern and is fitted with a Rosewood rear handle and Rosewood front knob.
The sliding section which sits between the body and the fence, is used to support the wider plane blades in order to help prevent chatter.
The sliding section can be adjusted if required by sliding it along the arms and locking it in position with the thumb screws. This may require moving the fence first if the fence is positioned close to the sliding section.
The fence is used to guide the plane along at an equal distance from the edge of the piece of wood being planed.
The fence can be adjusted by releasing the thumb screws and sliding the fence along the arms / rods until at the required distance, the thumb screws are then tightened to lock the fence in position.
The fence is held on two arms / rods which helps to keep the fence / plane stable
when planing. Towards each end of the fence the eye holes are set with one on top of
each other, this allows the fence to be positioned in a higher or lower position.
The metal parts of the plane were coated in a nickel plating which gave the plane a bright finish as well as protecting the plane from rust.
This nickel plating is prone to coming off the Stanley 46 planes after years of use so given the age of these planes it is quite common to find these planes with some nickel plate loss.
The plane is also equipped with a depth stop to assist with setting the depth of cut required as well as being fitted with spurs for cross grain work and a slitting tool for slitting up work.
Note: it is important the skew cutters keep the correct profile when sharpened to ensure the plane makes the best cut.
Handle and knob:
"Stanley Rule & Level Co, Pat MCH.11.84" - found on the skate.
cast iron with a rosewood runner
Handle and knob:
2.49 kg (5 1/2 lbs)
"No 46, Stanley" - found on the sliding section.
<1879 - 1934>
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