Clifton Bullnose Shoulder Plane - No. 400

clifton 400 bullnose plane
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Clifton 400 Plane Review By: I.Ball

Manufacturer: Thomas Flinn & Co.

Plane Type: Bullnose Shoulder

Model No: 400


This Clifton bullnose shoulder plane review is of the current Clifton 400 plane manufactured by Thomas Flinn & Co, Sheffield, England.

The plane had previously been made by a tool company called Clico (Sheffield) Tooling Ltd until 2014 when Thomas Flinn and Co took on the Clifton tools part of the business.

The Thomas Flinn version of the 400 is made in almost identical circumstances to the Clico version including being made by the same skilled personnel:

"We will still be using the same great production staff to manufacture the Clifton planes, so the knowledge and expertise will continue as before".

Please see the old Clifton 400 plane review for more information about the Clico (Sheffield) Tooling Ltd Clifton bull-nose shoulder plane number 400 (virtually identical other than the blade type and the box).

clifton 400 plane

The Clifton 400 bullnose shoulder plane or small shoulder plane, is a small, narrow rebate plane with a fine mouth.

The 3" long plane produces fine shavings with its fine mouth making this plane suitable for precision work / cabinet makers.

The 400 is fitted with a 7/16" (11mm) bevel edge cutter (what kind of steel). The bevel edge is positioned in the plane with the bevel facing upwards with the cutting edge spanning the full width of the plane (as with most/all bullnose planes).

The plane blade should be kept very sharp with the blade depth set to an acceptable level. If the blade is too blunt or the blade depth is set to an ambitious level then the likely outcome will be a juddering plane action or the plane being completely halted due to the blade digging-in.

The Clifton 400 is a non-adjustable plane requiring the plane blade to be set manually by hand; there is no form of fine blade adjustment.

The plane blade is secured in place with the use of a Rosewood wedge; the wedge is slotted into the plane until the wedge and blade are fixed firmly in place.

clifton plane 400

The body of the 400 is a non-adjustable one piece plane constructed from quality grey cast iron. The body is classed as non-adjustable as there are no adjustable features to the body such as an adjustable mouth. The sole and sides of the body have been accurately machined and precision ground.

The sides of the plane have been given an attractive intricate design which includes the 'two cherries' motifs. The design of the sides also offer a little extra grip.

The plane is presented in a brown Clifton cardboard box with the Clifton logo on it.

record 1366 plane

Planes Similar To The Clifton Plane Number 400

The Clifton 400 shoulder plane is heavily based upon the early 20th century Edward Preston bullnose plane 1366 to the point they are almost identical in design, the Clifton 400 even incorporates the Edward Preston two cherries logo on the plane sides. The Clifton number 400 is also almost identical to the Record 1366 bullnose plane. Record took over the Edward Preston plane range in the early 1930's. Clico then took over some of the Record plane range including the Clifton 400.

Cautions / Notes

* Important: please refer to the 'disclaimer' at the foot of this review.
* Wearing safety clothing and eye protection is usually a good idea to help protect against injury.

- The blade(s)/cutter(s) is very sharp, take suitable precautions when using/handling/storing the plane/cutter(s) to prevent injury.

- Failure to loosen parts when making adjustments to the plane can result in damage to the plane such as cross-threading screw threads. Never force a part to move.

- Overtightening parts can cause damage to the plane and the plane threads.

Plane Construction

clifton 400 plane

Body: grey cast iron

Wedge: rosewood

Plane finish: bright ground

Clifton 400 Plane Blade / Cutter

Material: cryogenically treated O1 steel

Hardness: 62 Rockwell 'C'

Cutting Edge Grind: 25 degrees

Width (bottom): 29mm (1 1/8 inch)

Top Of Blade Shape: Rounded corners

Clifton 400 Plane Markings

"Clifton 400" - found towards the bottom of both sides.

Plane Dimensions

76mm (3 inch)

11mm (7/16 inch)

0.2kg (1/2 lb)

Manufactured Dates

2014 - Today

Plane Also Known As

Clifton 400 rebate plane
Clifton 400 rabbet plane
Clifton 400 shoulder rebate plane
Clifton 400 shoulder rabbet plane
Clifton 400 bull-nose shoulder rebate plane
Clifton 400 bull-nose shoulder rabbet plane

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- Thomas Flinn & Co.


(i) Please always refer to and follow the manufacturer's instructions / guidelines / safety notices / cautions and similar notices as the manufacturer's instructions may contain important information on safety, personal safety and the good health of your tool, something to which this review's scope does not guarantee to extend to.
(ii) This review may give warning(s) / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines given in good faith however any such information should not be solely relied upon and should not be seen as the exhaustive list of warnings / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines. Refer to disclaimer note (i) for information on safety, as well as the good health of your tool. In addition refer to good safety practices for the safety of you and others. Refer to good practices for the good health of your tool and property.
(iii) The details here are given in good faith, there is scope for error and shouldn't be fully relied upon, please be aware the details may also become out of date due to manufacturer changes to the product, please confirm any details for yourself by performing additional research from reliable sources.

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