What Is A Moulding Plane? What Is A Moulding Plane Used For?

moulding planes
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A Moulding Plane is a term used to describe a wooden plane with a shaped sole.

A moulding plane is used to form a shape or mould on a piece of wood.

Such shapes or moulds are and have been used on furniture and architecture for centuries.

Examples of common moulds produced by moulding planes includes beads, ovolo, scotia and ogee.

There are three main types of moulding planes, single moulds, combo moulds / combination moulds (anything more than two moulds combined is referred to as a complex mould) and hollow & round shaping moulds.

Examples of a single mould include: beads, ovolo, scotia and ogee.

Examples of a combo mould include: ovolo and scotia, grecian ogee and bead, quirk ogee and astragal.

A moulding plane consists of a wooden body normally made from Beech, and usually one blade and one blade securing wedge. There have been dual blade moulding planes and triple blade moulding planes.

twin blade moulder plane

Moulding planes have been used for hundreds of years with the majority seen today dating from 1750 - 1930.

A workmans tool-chest would often include 30-50+ wooden planes with each wooden moulding plane setup, ready to produce a different mould or different sized mould.

During this long manufacturing time millions of planes were produced as such they surface very regularly today.

The following is a list of moulding plane profiles and the moulds they produce:

For more info on each mould and to see a single page showing the many types and profiles of moulding planes, see the wooden planes page.

complex mould plane

Wooden Plane Manufacturers

From about 1680 the first known manufacturers mark was put on wooden moulding planes, this caught on, ever since then there have been hundreds of manufacturers following suit, marking their name on the front nose.

Over time this become more in depth with manufacturers also putting the town/city of manufacture and even the address of manufacture.

For more info on this and dating wooden planes, see one of the Goodman's British Planemakers books.

New Wooden Plane Manufacturers

  • Philly Planes (UK)

Old Wooden Plane Manufacturers

  • Buck
  • Greenslade
  • Griffiths
  • Marples (William)
  • Mathieson
  • Moon
  • Moseley
  • Mutter
  • Nelson
  • Nurse
  • Onions
  • Preston (Edward)
  • Sym
  • Shepley
  • Turner
  • Varvill
  • plus hundreds more...


(i) This review/article may give warning(s) / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines given in good faith, any such information should not be solely relied upon and seen as the exhaustive list of warnings / advisory notes / cautions / guidelines. Refer to good safety practices for the safety of you and others. Refer to good practices for the good health of your tool and property.
(ii) The details here are given in good faith, the details are constantly growing and evolving, there is scope for error and shouldn't be fully relied upon, please confirm any details for yourself by performing additional research from reliable sources.

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