The Archimedes drill, also known as a fretwork drill, is an old type
of drill which works on the Archimedian principle; the drill rotates
quickly as the barrel on the stem is worked up and down.
This tool provides a quick and easy way to bore holes through ordinary fretwood.
There were numerous different sized Archimedes drills made from various materials, usually a combination of wood and steel, some being all steel and some including brass parts.
The fancier versions of these drills included parts made from Rosewood, Ebony, Ivory and decorative brass parts.
Some of the later Archimedes drills had technological improvements such as a ratchet device and the inclusion of fly-weights.
The ratchet device allows the drill to revolve continuously in the cutting direction. The fly-weights give momentum to maintain the speed of the drill during the upward stoke of the hand.
A typical Archimedes drill consists of the following parts:
There have been many Archimedes drills produced in the past, below are a list of a few well known Archimedes drill makers:
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