Wooden Toothing Planes

wooden toothing plane
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Review By: I.Ball


Manufacturer: Various

Tool Type: Wooden Planes

Plane Type: Toothing

A wooden toothing plane is similar in design to a wooden smoothing plane with the difference being the special blade (and wedge) are set vertically or almost vertically on the toothing plane.

The plane iron in a toothing plane is a specialist plane blade with a serrated cutting edge.

When looking at a toothing plane blade, the blade has a series of fine 'V' shaped grooves running partially up the blade from the cutting edge.

The blade is held firmly in place with the use of a wooden wedge.

The toothing plane works by scratching the surface of the work to leave a series of grooves in the workpiece.



old wooden toothing plane

The toothing plane is particularly useful for creating a surface which gives a better bond when the surface is glued with another surface which usually is veneer. The reason being the glue is bedded into the grooves which creates a much stronger grip.

The planing action of the toothing plane produces a series of strings of shavings being taken due to the serrated edge.

The toothing plane is a versatile tool which can be used on really tough grain, with the grain, against the grain and across the grain.


Old Toothing Plane Manufacturers

Wooden toothing planes were produced by many British plane makers in the 18th, 19th and first part of the 20th century. These old toothing planes are still popular today and feature quite often in woodworkers workshops.

toothing plane blades

Below is a list of some of the old toothing plane manufacturers:

Fairclough & Co
Nelson
Stothert
William Marples

From my observations, many of the toothing planes which surface today don't have a manufacturer's mark.

This could indicate either the manufacturer's name has been removed by an owner of the plane or the plane could have been made by an individual rather than a manufacturer (with the toothing iron being purchased separately).


New Toothing Plane Manufacturers

I am currently unaware of any new makers of toothing planes, there are a few companies which make toothing plane blades to fit in certain iron planes, these toothing blade manufacturers include:

ECE
Kunz
Lie Nielsen
Ray Iles
Veritas


Finding The Manufacturer

The manufacturer's mark (if present) can virtually always be found on the front nose of the plane. If the plane is quite mucky or you hadn’t realised, this is the place to look to identify who made it and if you wish to delve deeper there are a few books out there to help identify the age of the plane. The authority of these books has to be W L Goodman’s ‘British Planemakers fom 1700 – third edition’ book but be prepared to pay some money for this book as it is no longer available to buy new (at the time of writing this) and secondhand copies of the book are in demand.

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