Record Smoothing Plane - No. 04

record 04 smoothing plane
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The Verdict

Record 04 Review By: I.Ball


Manufacturer: Record

Plane Type: Smoothing

Model No: 04

It should be noted this Record 04 plane review is a review of the older Record 04 planes, it isn't a Record Irwin 04 plane review.

The Record smoothing plane number 04 was / is one of the most popular of the Record planes range.

The Record 04, at 9 inch (23cm) in length, is a great hand plane for smoothing work. There are many, many versions of this style of plane produced by a wide range of manufacturers which is testament to this type of smoothing plane's success.

Further testament to the planes success and popularity is the length of time this plane has been produced.



record 04 plane

The Record 04 plane was first manufactured in 1931 by C&J Hampton Ltd of Sheffield, England who successfully sold the 04 through most of the 20th century until there were a few take-overs / collaborations with Record Bahco, Record Marples and then the current maker Record Irwin.

The Record 04 plane was one of the first planes produced by C&J Hampton Ltd's Record company.

The Record 04 is easily identifiable by the plane markings and the Record blue finish.

The plane is constructed from high grade cast iron with a crucible cast tungsten steel cutter and a lever cap made with high grade cast iron with a plated finish.

The plane was originally fitted with a Rosewood rear handle and front knob which can be used as an indication the plane was produced pre-1950.

The 04 plane was then fitted with a stained Beech (or selected hardwood) rear handle and front knob for the second half of the 20th century. The 04 was then fitted with a plastic compostite handle and knob set for a brief period before returning back to a hardwood handle set.


record plane 04 frog

The plane has a central frog which is where most of the action happens.

The frog is used as the bed on which the plane blade lays. The angle at which this is set is 45 degrees.

The frog is equipped with three mechanisms for accurately adjusting the cut. Firstly the frog has a frog adjuster screw at the base of the rear of the frog for sliding the frog forwards and backwards to the desired position which in effect creates the mouth size.

Secondly the frog has a lateral lever adjuster which locates with the blade. This lever adjusts the blade laterally (side-to-side).

Thirdly the frog is equipped with a blade depth adjuster. The plane’s blade depth adjuster is a notch on the front face of the frog, just below the bottom of the lateral lever. This notch locates with a gap in the plane blade and is controlled by an adjusting wheel (usually brass) found at the rear of the frog.

The depth at which the blade is set is adjusted by turning the adjusting wheel, this in turn regulates the thickness of the shavings. Turning the adjusting wheel towards the frog raises the blade, and turning in the opposite direction towards the rear handle moves the blade downwards.

Note: ensure the lever cap is loosened before making adjustments to avoid damage.

record plane 04

The plane blade is stiffened with the use of a cap iron. The cap iron helps reduce chatter and assists in curling the shavings to prevent splintering the work-piece, particularly when working against the grain.

The plane blade and cap iron are locked in position with the lever cap. This further reduces chattering. The lever cap has a plated finish which is usually a nickel plating. The lever cap has a pear shaped hole in the middle in which a screw runs through, the shape helps prevent the cap loosening.

As with all the Record bench planes, the Record 04 has universal interchanging parts. Apart from the plane bodies, the Record 04 smoothing plane and the Record 05 jack plane parts are the same.


1.

Plane Construction

record plane 04

Weight: 1.70kg (3 3/4lbs)

Body and frog: high grade cast iron

Lever cap: high grade cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron: best quality steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut: brass

Handle and Knob: Rosewood (pre 1950) or Stained Beech

Plane finish: blue


Record 04 Plane Blade / Cutter

Material: crucible cast tungsten steel

Width: 51mm (2 inch)

record plane 04

Record 04 Plane Markings

"Record" - (raised) found on the top face at the very front of the plane

"No 04" - (raised) found on the top face at the front of the plane between the blade and front knob

"Made in England" - (raised) found on the top face at the rear of the plane

"Record" - set in relief on the lever cap face


2.

Plane Construction

record plane 04

Weight: 1.70kg (3 3/4lbs)

Body and frog: high grade cast iron

Lever cap: high grade cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron: best quality steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut: brass

Handle and Knob: Stained Beech

Plane finish: blue


Record 04 Plane Blade / Cutter

Material: crucible cast tungsten steel

Width: 51mm (2 inch)

record plane 04

Record 04 Plane Markings

"Record" - (raised) found on the top face at the very front of the plane

"No 04" - (raised) found on the top face at the front of the plane between the blade and front knob

"Made in England" - (raised) found on the top face at the rear of the plane

"Record" - set in relief on the lever cap face


3.

Plane Construction

record marples plane 04

Weight: 1.70kg (3 3/4lbs)

Body and frog: high grade cast iron

Lever cap: high grade cast iron with a plated finish

Cap iron: best quality steel

Depth adjuster wheel/nut: brass

Handle and Knob: Stained Beech

Plane finish: blue


Record Marples 04 Plane Blade / Cutter

Material: crucible cast tungsten steel

Width: 51mm (2 inch)

record marples plane 04

Record Marples 04 Plane Markings

"Record Marples" - (raised) found on the top face at the very front of the plane

"No 04" - (raised) found on the top face at the front of the plane between the blade and front knob

"Made in England" - (raised) found on the top face at the rear of the plane

"Record" - set in relief on the lever cap face


4.

Plane Dimensions

Length:
230mm (9 inch)

Width:


5.

Manufactured Dates

1931 - present day

6.

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